Deer

Morphology

Weight
225 kg for females and 320 kg for males
Height
1.3 m shoulder height for females and 1.5 m for males
Length
2 m for females, and 2.5 m for males

Classification

Classe
Mammals
Family
Deer
cervus canadensis

Nelson’s elk belongs to the artiodactyla order.

SEXUAL DIMORPHISM 

Only the males have antlers that begin to grow in spring and are shed each winter.
The biggest antlers can reach 1.2 m long and weigh 18 kg. Antlers are bony organs that can grow at a rate of 2.5 cm per day.


DIET

Elk feed on plants, leaves and tree bark. In summer, an elk can eat up to 7 kg per day.


REPRODUCTION/LIFESPAN

Nelson’s elks reach sexual maturity at 2 years old. The period of reproduction is in the autumn. Following an 8-month gestation period, the female gives birth to a single young.
Nelson’s elks can live for 10 to 20 years.


LIFESTYLE

Adult elks usually remain in unisex herds.
Like many species of deer, Nelson’s elk migrates to higher altitudes in spring, after the thaw, and the reverse in autumn. Hunting also has an impact on migration and its movements.
During the winter, they favour wooded areas and valleys.
During the mating season, the mature males compete to attract the attention of the females.
Rival males take each other on physically and bellow at each other.
They live in North America and East Asia.


DID YOU KNOW?

The elk is also called ‘North American elk’. It is the largest deer.