Sciuridae

Morphology

Weight
from 6 to 9 kg
Height
from 45 to 65 cm
Length
from 45 to 70 cm

Classification

Classe
Mammals
Order
Rodents
Family
Sciuridae
marmota marmota
 

diet

The marmot is primarily herbivorous. It eats grass, plants, buds, fruit and vegetables.
When food is rare it eats insects or snails.
 

reproduction - lifespan

The marmot reaches sexual maturity from 2 years.
The period of reproduction is between April and May.
Following a gestation period of 34 days, the female gives birth to 3 to 5 young, called pups.
 

habitat

The marmot lives in mountains above 1,300 m up to 3,000 m altitude.
 

numbers - distribution

IUCN conservation status: minor concern.
The marmot was hunted for its fur, flesh and fat.
It is now protected in certain regions like the Pyrenees where it became extinct.
In North America however, hunting is permitted as the species is widespread and considered harmful.
 

did you know ?

Marmots are said to whistle.