Felidae

Morphology

Weight
from 18 to 25 kg
Height
from 60 to 70 cm at withers
Length
from 80 to 110 cm

Protective Status

Convention
of Washington
Appendix II
CEE Annexe
Appendix A

Classification

Classe
Mammals
Order
Carnivores
Family
Felidae

Felis lynx


DIET

The lynx hunts to feed on deer, chamois or reindeer. It also adapts to hares, birds and small rodents.


REPRODUCTION - LIFESPAN

The period of reproduction is from January to April.
The young, generally 1 to 4 per litter, are born after a gestation period of 60 to 75 days.
A lynx can live 15 years.
 

LIFESTYLE - HABITAT

The lynx is found in forest areas consisting of dense undergrowth from Scandinavia to Siberia and even northern China.
Currently it mainly finds refuge in the mountains.


distribution - numbers

In the 19th century, the European lynx was completely eradicated in France and it only remained in the Jura and the Alps in Switzerland.
At the start of the 20th century, the populations of lynx diminished everywhere in Europe: various studies estimated the population at about 4,000 individuals, more than half living in the Carpathian Mountains.
Populations of Eurasian lynx increased in the middle of the 20th century thanks to legal protection. There are 8,500 lynx in Europe.
In France, lynx can be seen in the Alps (northern French Alps) and the Jura (as a result of reintroducing them in Switzerland) and were reintroduced in the Vosges. At the end of 2004, there were between 135 and 180 animals.

 

WHY IS IT ENDANGERED ?

Poaching poses the greatest problem to lynx not forgetting the isolation of populations by road networks that can result in the loss of life. Deforestation destroys their natural habitat.