Wolf originally lived in the steppes and plains. Chased by the man, he gradually withdrew into the forests and mountains.
The wolf is carnivorous. It requires about 2 kg of red meat per day but can eat up to 10 kg in a single meal if it hasn’t eaten for several days.
The wolf hunts mainly in a pack and sometimes alone in a particular territory.
It mainly feeds on mammals and birds (90%) and tubers and roots (10%).
Reproduction - LIFESPANOnly the alpha pair breeds. Mating is from February to April. After a gestation period of 60 to 65 days, the she-wolf gives birth to a litter of 4 to 8 cubs.
The wolf lives an average of 5 to 10 years.
Populations are estimated at over 300 individuals in France (the wolf is found in the eastern half of the country from the Pyrenees to the Marne including all massifs such as the Alps, Jura, Vosges and Massif Central)
There are 15,500 individuals in Europe, divided into 10 populations. The largest are in the Carpathian Mountains and the Dinaric/Balkan Alps area.
Did you know ?Each wolf has its own particular howl distinguishing it from its equals: timbre, duration of howl and tone. Within the pack, the alpha male howls first, followed by all members of the clan with no exception. This singing resonates beyond 8 km and enables the pack to indicate its presence or its members to locate one another.
WHY IS THE WOLF ENDANGERED ?
In many countries in Europe, the wolf has had an unjustified bad reputation. It is often represented as competing with hunters or as a threat to domestic herds.