Canidae

Morphology

Weight
between 2 and 14 kg - Average adult male : 7 kg
Height
from 35 to 40 cm at withers
Length
from 58 to 90 cm long and + 40 cm tail

Classification

Classe
Mammals
Order
Carnivores
Family
Canidae
vulpes vulpes
 

DIET

The fox is omnivorous. It consumes an average of 300 to 600 g of food per day.
It has a very varied diet: small vertebrates, comprising no less than 60 % of its menu, small rodents, birds, porcupines, raccoons, frogs and small reptiles.
It also consumes plants, grains, mushrooms and fruit.
The fox hunts for food alone and preferably at night.
 

REPRODUCTION - LIFESPAN

The red fox reaches sexual maturity at around ten months.
Males and females are usually monogamous.
The period of reproduction takes place primarily between mid-January and mid-February. Couples form at the start of winter.
Birthing takes place from March to May, after a gestation period of 53 days. It takes place in a den that is rarely dug by the fox itself. It generally uses a badger, rabbit or marmot den, or a natural cavity in the rocks.
In captivity, a fox can live for 14 to 15 years, but in the wild, it lives for an average of 2 to 3 years.
 

LIFESTYLE - HABITAT

The red fox adapts to very diverse environments. It can be encountered by the sea, at altitude, in the countryside, in cities, forests, cultivated fields, prairies and even in the desert but its preference remains temperate zones.
 

DISTRIBUTION

It is one of the most widespread mammals and is found in practically the whole of the Northern hemisphere.
 

CRY

Yelping
 

DID YOU KNOW ?

Red foxes have quite a broad range of vocal sounds, producing sound in five octaves.