Ursidae

Morphology

Weight
70 to 130 kg for females and 150 to 240 kg for males
Height
1m 20 at withers
Length
2m 10

Protective Status

Convention
of Washington
Appendix II et V
CEE Annexe
Appendix A

Classification

Classe
Mammals
Order
Carnivores
Family
Ursidae

Ursus arctos


DIET

The brown bear is a predominantly vegetarian, opportunist omnivore (roots, tubers, bulbs, fruit, nuts, mushrooms, honey, eggs, fish and sometimes mammals.


REPRODUCTION - LIFESPAN

The brown bear reaches puberty at the age of 3 or 4 years.
Its period of reproduction extends from May to June.
The female has two young every two years and carries her young for 180 to 250 days.
A bear lives on average for 20 to 30 years.

did you know ?

Male and female bears only meet for mating. Beyond this period (July) the male can be a threat to cubs.
In captivity, the male must be isolated while the young are raised.

ACTIVITy

In Europe, the brown bear is mainly nocturnal. Two spikes in activity have been observed, one at dusk and during the first half of the night, the other at dawn between 5am and 8am. However the daily rhythm can vary according to the season and weather conditions. From mid-November, bears reduce all their activities before hibernating, continuing activity again in mid-March.

numbers

In 2013, 25 different bears including a dead cub were identified.
There were no more than 30,000 animals in Europe.

WHY IS THE BROWN BEAR ENDANGERED ?

In most of Europe, populations of brown bears are isolated in small groups. This to a certain extent condemns them.
Poaching and poisoning kill many bears each year.