Deer

Morphology

Weight
60 kg for males and 35 kg for females
Height
85 cm to 1 m at withers for males and 75 to 90 cm for females
Length

Classification

Classe
Mammals
Family
Deer
Dama dama

The black fallow deer belongs to the artiodactyla order.

DIET

Fallow deer are mainly herbivorous; they feed on grass, shoots, leaves, acorns and chestnuts, as well as fruit, berries and buds.
In the winter they eat ivy, brambles, mistletoe, thorns, broom and dry grasses (hay).


REPRODUCTION - LIFESPAN:

Reproduction takes place between the month of October and November.
After an 8-month gestation period, the female gives birth to a single young.
A deer can live between 25 years in captivity and about 16 years in the wild.
 

Habitat

They are found in some areas of northeast France.
Classic biotopes for deer are quite diverse, they like mixed or open deciduous forests, bushy or flattened pastures, low and undulating mountains.
 

LIFESTYLE

They live in herds of 6 to 50 individuals headed by an alpha female. The males are solitary or live in bachelor groups and only join the females in the rutting season.
Their sense of smell and hearing is combined with outstanding diurnal vision.


PROTECTION STATUS

Status: game
IUCN: minor concern
 

DID YOU KNOW ?

They can run at 25 km/h cruising speed, and up to an average of 48 km/h for a sprint, peaking at 70 km/h over very short distances. They can also jump up to 2 metres high and up to 7 metres in length.